(PhysOrg.com) — “There’s a lot of recent interest in understanding the functioning and optimal performance of small systems,” Katja Lindenberg tells PhysOrg.com. Lindenberg is a scientist in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and the Institute for Nonlinear Science at the University of California, San Diego, in La Jolla. Along with Massimiliano Esposito, also at the Institute, and Christian Van den Broeck at Hasselt University in Diepenbeek, Belgium, Lindenberg has been studying the efficiency of very small thermochemical engines. “Thermodynamics applied to small systems is different from what we are used to,” Lindenberg continues. “It’s a relatively new field, and we are trying to understand optimal performance criteria.” The results of an investigation by Lindenberg, Esposito and Van den Broeck into power generation by small thermochemical engines is presented in Physical Review Letters: “Universality of Efficiency at Maximum Power.”Lindenberg explains that “maximum efficiency is achieved only near equilibrium, where the power output is very small. Instead of focusing on maximum efficiency alone, we are studying how to achieve maximum possible efficiency at maximum power.”Esposito says that in order to explore the general rules that govern performance at maximum power, a general single framework is needed – one that can encompass many systems that on the surface appear very different from one another. “The systems of interest all produce a workflow, or power, fueled by a heat flow through the system generated by a temperature gradient,” he says. “Optimal efficiency at maximum power is obtained when the heat and work fluxes are strongly coupled. For instance, if the workflow is a flow of particles against a chemical potential gradient, strong coupling occurs when the only carriers of heat are the same particles.” “This strong coupling between the work and heat flows is a natural feature of small systems — nanosystems,” Esposito continues, “but would be difficult or impossible to achieve in a macroscopic system.” The team has illustrated this concept in a paper appearing in Europhysics Letters, in which they consider electrons flowing through a quantum dot.Both Lindenberg and Esposito emphasize that, so far, their work is purely theoretical and only illustrated in model systems. “It might be difficult to build a device that satisfies the conditions we have set out,” Lindenberg admits, “but on a fundamental level it gives a conceptual basis for what is possible. It provides an idea of what the ultimate goal would be when it comes time to design a device.”What sort of devices might be possible? Like many theorists, Esposito and Lindenberg hesitate to prognosticate. However, Esposito mentions at least one idea regarding the use of thermochemical engines: “Perhaps a device could be created to recover the energy from heat loss in a car’s engine.”For now, though, work moves forward in trying to understand small systems and their properties. “With continued interest in the smallest of systems,” Esposito points out, “it is increasingly important to learn how one can use extremely small systems to achieve optimal efficiencies at maximum power.”More information: Esposito, Lindenberg and Van den Broeck, “Universality of Efficiency at Maximum Power.” Physical Review Letters (2009). Available online: link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.130602 . Esposito, Lindenberg and Van den Broeck, “Thermoelectric efficiency at maximum power in a quantum dot.” Europhysics Letters (2009). Available online: www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0295-5075/85/6/60010/ . Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Explore further Discovery Captures, Converts Heat This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Achieving optimal efficiencies for nanoengines (2009, April 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-04-optimal-efficiencies-nanoengines.html
More information: Technology: Asia’s space race, Nature 480, 171–173 (08 December 2011) doi:10.1038/480171a Journal information: Nature China Xichang Satellite Center; The launch of Tianlian I-01 satellite (a Data Relay & Tracking Satellite); The newly developed Long March 3C Carrier Rocket. Image: Wikipedia. Explore further Moltz writes that despite denials by the major Asian players, there exists the beginnings of a space race among the most technologically advanced countries in the area. In the lead of course is China, which besides the United States and Russia, is the only country to have put a person in space on its own. Other Asian countries actively involved in space technology include India, South Korea and Japan, though others such as Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Taiwan are working on building a presence as well.Japan of course, has been actively involved with the International Space station, and India has been putting nerves on edge by mixing its space technology with military goals by building rockets capable of carrying a payload all the way to Beijing. The country has also launched its own rockets into space to deliver satellites, though it’s not yet achieved the broad range of successes of the Chinese program.The problem with an Asian space race, Moltz contends, is that it builds an arena of unhealthy competition bred out of historic geopolitical rivalries. It also wastes resources, but that’s not something that should concern other countries. What should he writes, is the possibility of an Asian space race morphing into an Asian arms race, something that could impact virtually every nation on Earth.The current situation, he explains, is a collection of Asian countries who are unwilling to work together to meet mutual goals such as can be seen with the European Space Agency (ESA). Instead, individual countries work independently, quite often duplicating work done by other countries both in Asia and in the west, resulting in secretive programs that have as a goal beating one another to the next level, rather than building programs that serve the national, or international good.What is perhaps most chilling about an Asian space race is the way China, which is the clear leader, has gone about its space program, highlighted not by its triumphs in manned exploration, but in it’s destruction of one of its dead weather satellites by an anti-satellite weapon back in 2007. Not only did that action contribute to the vast collection of space junk, but it sent shock waves through the entire international community as it demonstrated very clearly the types of technology China has been secretly working on. And because of its leadership role in the Asian community, the action has likely set other countries to develop their own such weapons.One other worrisome offshoot of the space race is the impact it might have on those Asian countries unable to join in. Pakistan, for example, a country with nuclear weapons, has voiced concerns over the missile technology that India has developed and has repeatedly made it clear that any actions by India it deems a threat to its own survival would be met with all out war, including the use of nuclear bombs. (PhysOrg.com) — James Clay Moltz, an associate professor in the department of national security affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, has published a commentary paper in the journal Nature where he warns of a possible space race involving many Asian nations, possibly leading to an arms race. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: National security expert warns of Asian space race (2011, December 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-national-expert-asian-space.html Bangladesh, Pakistan Team Up With China On Space Cooperation © 2011 PhysOrg.com
Researchers shoot pigs in the head in blood-spatter study This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2016 Phys.org Citation: A more in-depth way to predict gunshot wound blood spatter (2016, August 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-08-in-depth-gunshot-wound-blood-spatter.html (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers from the University of Illinois and Iowa State University has developed what they describe as a theoretical model for both interpreting and predicting blood-spatter that results from a gunshot wound. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Fluids, the group describes the factors they took into consideration in developing their model and how well it worked in experiments conducted with pig blood and sponges. Explore further More information: P. M. Comiskey et al. Prediction of blood back spatter from a gunshot in bloodstain pattern analysis, Physical Review Fluids (2016). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.1.043201ABSTRACTA theoretical model for predicting and interpreting blood-spatter patterns resulting from a gunshot wound is proposed. The physical process generating a backward spatter of blood is linked to the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of blood accelerated toward the surrounding air, allowing the determination of the initial distribution of drop sizes and velocities. Then the motion of many drops in air is considered with governing equations accounting for gravity and air drag. Based on these equations, a numerical solution is obtained. It predicts the atomization process, the trajectories of the back-spatter drops of blood from the wound to the ground, the impact angle, and the impact Weber number on the ground, as well as the distribution and location of bloodstains and their shape and sizes. A parametric study is undertaken to predict patterns of backward blood spatter under realistic conditions corresponding to the experiments conducted in the present work. The results of the model are compared to the experimental data on back spatter generated by a gunshot impacting a blood-impregnated sponge. When a person is shot dead and there are no witnesses, forensic investigators attempt to use every bit of evidence they can find at a crime scene to figure out what happened; one source is blood spatter that occurs when a victim’s blood is sent flying against walls or onto the floor as a bullet enters the body and then again as it exits. In this new effort, the researchers have developed a model to help better describe spattering events which could lead to a more accurate depiction of a crime scene.Up till now, forensic experts have used three basic types of spatter results to assist in identifying the type of bullet wound that caused it: high, medium and low velocity. Using such categories helps to identify the type of weapon used to propel the bullet. But this approach, the researchers claim, fails to take into account other factors such as gravity and air resistance which can cause blood to follow an arc as it falls. To correct that problem, the researchers built theoretical models meant to describe what happens when a dense liquid such as blood runs directly into a gas such as air. They also factored in the mass of the bullet, its speed and its angle as it strikes the body. The result was a mode that describes a resulting “blood cloud” for a given set of circumstances.To test their model, the researchers soaked sponges in pig blood and shot them, taking measurements of the blood spatters that resulted. They report that their results were mixed, though they were within an order of magnitude of predictions. They plan to run more experiments using different types of guns and bullets to make their model progressively better. They believe that at some point the model will be good enough for use with real crime scenes. (a) Reconstruction of the trajectories associated with four bloodstains using straight trajectories versus ballistic trajectories and the geometry (locations of the stains, of the victim, and the impact angles). Panel (a) is reproduced from teaching material graciously provided by H. McDonell. Drop size is assumed to be 3 mm, implying velocities in the 5.3–7.5 m/s range. (b) Definition of the angle of drop impact α and directional (sideways) angle γ, which is equal to the angle between the vertical plane containing the drop trajectory and another vertical plane containing the bullet trajectory and the target. Credit: (c) Physical Review Fluids (2016). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.1.043201
Direct Dil Se, an annual music festival was organised on Sunday to celebrate the occasion of the World Heart Day. The festival supported by the Directorate of Health, Delhi Government and Billion Hearts Beating Foundation was arranged to spread awareness about heart health through a music venture.The concept of Direct Dil Se (DDS) seeks to draw attention to the growing concern about cardiac health in the country, where approximately 10% of the country’s 1.2 Billion plus population is affected by coronary heart diseases. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The concert featured the Wadali brothers and other famous musicians. Some of them included Bobby Cash, Shibani Kashyap, Mame Khan, Suhail Yusuf Khan and Ashish Chuahan. The event also included a talk by Dr. KK Talwar, chairman, board of governors, Medical Council of India. Dr. Talwar addressed various heart-related factors and pointers on maintaining a healthy life and a healthy heart. He commented on the relevance on the concert and said, ‘ Music has therapeutic effects on humans, it lowers anxiety which helps people prevent stress-related lifestyle diseases. Music also helps one recover better and from ailments. So the theme of this concert is quite valid.’Organizer of DDS, Ashok Nagpal said, ‘Direct Dil Se is the first of its kind initiative that attempts to connect to youth through the language of music. Awareness of heart health starts at an early age; hence we aim to reach them young.’
Remember your graduation days, all the fun, escaping the punishments, bunking with friends and late night dorm studies? Yes Dada by Vibhor Tikiya will take you back to your golden era.Dada, is the guy your parents warned you about when you were joining college. He is the quintessential ‘bad influence.’ And this is the story of a young boy from Kolkata who did fairly well in his studies, was loved by his father, adored by his mother and also has a sharp brain. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Life takes a turn when his father dies unexpectedly in an accident.From there on, he barely manages his studies and in an attempt to support his mother, he masters the art of manipulation. He scores 45 per cent in his 12th standard examinations. But his mother dreams of seeing him studying in one of the premier engineering institutes of the country.Being the manipulator that he is, Dada forges a few certificates to get admission in one of the best colleges of the land. Surprisingly, he gets in and from there on, his life revolves not around studying, but making money, selling alcohol in the campus, bartending, copying and so on. He forms a gang of four, Vivek – the geek, Divya – the beauty with brains, Jhon – the good for nothing and Dada himself. The story revolves around these four friends and their (mis)adventures through the glorious years in college. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAll four of them look upto Dada in times of trouble. It is evident that Dada’s adventures tend to succeed most of the times as he has nothing to lose. He has incredible negotiation skills, he cares about his friends and though he is reluctant to change and try new things, but he does chart fresh waters after a bit of motivation from his friends.It is how they handle several tricky situations, pull strings and finally manage to get an engineering degree forms the core of the story. By the end of the college years, after fulfilling his mother’s dreams of getting a respectable degree, Dada realises that he doesn’t have a dream of his own so he sets out to fulfil his father’s wish of becoming a teacher.The second half of the book is set in US where Dada has joined an engineering firm to complete his PhD. After failing the first few exams he changes his department and moves to fine arts. Story unfolds from there on…The book talks about how a person grows up by making mistakes, laughing and crying with friends, trying to fulfil responsibilities. But at the core its message is clear ‘Properties catch fire, Dreams don’t.’ However, it does leave you with some questions.How do you handle challenges presented by life and people around you, as it determines how successful you will be. Can you confront a challenge, or do you plan to run away from it? Do you succumb to your fate and adjust to it? Learn to deal with challenges well and you’ll enjoy the same.
Filmmaker and social activist Mahesh Bhatt, who once campaigned for the Congress during elections, has taken a positive attitude towards Narendra Modi. ‘We as civil society must acknowledge, applaud and reciprocate the gesture of Gujarat chief minister,’ Bhatt told Sudesh Verma, author of the new book Narendra Modi: The Gamechanger. Mahesh Bhatt’s statement came after Modi’s expression of remorse in his blog following his exoneration by the Ahmedabad Court in the case involving Zakia Jafri. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The aggrieved side should now take the initiative to set aside the acrimony and create conditions to enable people to live in peace and harmony, he said. ‘I personally feel, whenever anybody — no matter how opposed I may be to his politics — makes a gesture of reconciliation, talks about harmony and talks about healing the wounds; it must be applauded, acknowledged and reciprocated. This is my response. If I keep talking about peace and I do not take the initiative to bring peace, then I do not want peace. And I do not live of conflict, there are people who live of conflict.’ Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThis is the biggest indictment of that section of public opinion makers that thrives on conflict and hate. Bhatt’s gesture of reconciliation is being echoed by many prominent Muslims who have begun to look at Modi with hope. The book, in fact, argues that there is likely to be a Muslim turnaround for Modi in the country.The biggest example is the statement by Mufti Aijaz Arshad Qasmi, the youngest member of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board, who says Modi will be a good Prime Minister who will deliver justice to all.He said that worse riots had taken place in the country. It was Modi’s bad luck that he was the chief minister of Gujarat in 2002, the book has quoted the Mufti as saying.
Eros Hotel organised a putting tournament at the Golf Putting Green area held under the guidance of International Golfer and Coach Amandeep Johl. Guests at the hotel enjoyed the game as they were able to hone their golf putting skills as well as challenge fellow likeminded golfers at the event. The tournament was followed by prize giving ceremony and breakfast at the Private Dining Room of Empress of China, the hotel’s Chinese specialty restaurant.
Resonance, meaning reverberation or echo actually talks about things that are present continuous. Menon’s bronzes exemplify not just dancers or acrobats, but movement and dynamism at its best. There is a unity which integrates dance, dramatic action and artistic rendition. Her works easily become a part of any landscape or sometimes crafts a theatrical drama in the space it is kept. Her works are allegorically replicating the theme like a long, philosophical poem. Through simplicity and true life staging, these bronzes will combine the most contemporary techniques with deep perception into psychological imagery. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Dimpy Menon, born 1963 at Ahmedabad is a graduate in fine arts from the College of Art Chennai in first class and learnt sculpting at the Central St. Martin’s in London. She has continued to work as a sculptor throughout her career refining her form and technique with consistent practice. Metal, that she likes to work in, seems to turn into lithe material as she moulds it to give form to her kinetic compositions that celebrate life. The stones that she searches and collects to chisel and refine before adding to her metal sculpture add a distinct look to her work. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHer installations depict flexibility and agility of human form in various dynamics and movements. Handling the entire laborious process of sculpting from a drawing to clay to bronze, working on her own, Menon creates installations, some that are small and can be hand held or displayed on table top and others in larger than life scale for outdoor and open spaces. Many of her work adorns public spaces in Chennai. She has participated in some important workshops and is two times winner of Venkatappa Art Gallery and Museum Scholarship and State Lalit Kala award. She had a solo booth at the India Art Fair, 2014 with Gallery Art Positive. The artist is currently working on some large commissions besides preparing for a solo. She lives and works in Bangalore.WHERE: Gallery Art Positive WHEN: On till 31 October
TransAsia Airways cancelled dozens of flights on Saturday, the first day of a pilot retraining programme, as rescuers retrieved five more bodies from the river in Taiwan where the plane crashed.Taiwan’s Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) ordered all the airline’s staff who fly ATR planes to take tests on operating the aircraft after it emerged the pilots may have inexplicably shut off one of the engines before Flight GE235 went down last week. “Starting today, all of TransAsia’s 71 ATR pilots will undergo tests to be carried out by the CAA and third-party professional units for an estimated period of four days,” the carrier said in a statement. Also Read – Pro-Govt supporters rally as Hong Kong’s divisions deepen“As a result, some of our domestic flights will be adjusted,” it said, explaining that 90 domestic flights will be cancelled by Monday.Pilots who fail the tests will be grounded immediately for an indefinite period of time pending further qualification training, according to the CAA.On Wednesday, a TransAsia ATR 72-600 plane plunged into a river in Taipei with 53 passengers and five crew members on board. Forty people were killed, fifteen survived and rescuers are still searching for another three who remain missing in the airline’s second deadly crash in seven months.Five bodies were found downstream of the crash site, including one in flight attendant’s uniform, during a blanket search of the river by hundreds of rescuers and divers today, Taipei city fire department said.
Known for his outspoken nature, Congress leader Shashi Tharoor was on Wednesday reprimanded by party president Sonia Gandhi, after his comments at a party meeting went public. Tharoor had reportedly said on Tuesday that he was not in favour of disrupting Parliament over the party’s demand for the resignation of three top BJP leaders.“You always do this, it’s become a habit with you,” sources quoted Gandhi angrily telling Tharoor at the meeting with MPs. Stunned Congressmen looked on, before Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi ushered them out with comments to intended to lighten the moment. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJISonia Gandhi’s rare and unexpected outburst reportedly came after other lawmakers complained against Tharoor that he had breached the party discipline. His alleged comments were carried in newspapers. Earlier in the day, Gandhi openly told media that “let them say what they want, we will continue to protest”.The Congress, which has 44 MPs in the Lok Sabha, has adopted an aggressive stance in Parliament, giving notice to the government that it will not allow the Houses to function till External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje and Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan are sacked.Gandhi has directed her MPs to voice a strong and firm opposition against the issues. They all wore black bands on their arms as they were entered Parliament on Wednesday. The first two days of the Monsoon session have been washed out by the Congress protests.
Presenting a retrospective of the superstar’s career, the films from his early years to his recent layered performances, the India Habitat Centre’s Stein Auditorium from September 7-29, will play host to a plethora of films starring Bengali megastar Prosenjit Chatterjee.It wasn’t an exaggeration when Prosenjit Chatterjee was identified as ‘The Industry’ in Srijit Mukherjee’s debut film, Autograph. Born to yesteryear’s Bollywood actor Biswajit (who cast Prosenjit at age four in
Kolkata: Asserting that the state Budget has been presented with the sole objective of ‘development’ of Bengal, state Finance and Industries minister Amit Mitra said on Tuesday that the government has increased allocation for development schemes by 13.25 percent, in comparison to the 2018-19 fiscal.”We have allotted Rs 89,320 crore during the 2019-20 fiscal for development schemes. In the 2018-19 financial year, the allocation was Rs 80,166 crore,” Mitra said during the discussion on the state Budget at the state Assembly on Tuesday. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe Finance minister also presented the supplementary budget for a number of important sectors and maintained that the capital outlay of roads and bridges will be Rs 1,090 crore. “Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has been stressing on physical infrastructure like construction of roads and bridges,” he said. It may be mentioned that Mitra, while addressing reporters after his Budget speech had said that allocation for physical infrastructure has gone up to Rs 8,806 crore in 2019-20, from Rs 7,760 crore in 2018-19, which is a hike of 13.48 percent. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”Social sector allocation during the 2018-19 fiscal was Rs 38,000 crore, which has been increased to Rs 41,131 crore for the 2019-20 fiscal,” Mitra said. He pointed out that the debt-to-GDP ratio that stood at 40.65 percent during 2010-11, has been brought down to 31.90 percent during 2018-19. Elaborating on the supplementary budget, he stated that the allocation for SC/ST welfare has been Rs 369 crore, for Gitanjali Rs 1,029 crore and for urban transport Rs 590 crore. He further stated that allocation for pension schemes has been Rs 875 crore and Rupashree scheme has been Rs 605 crore. “When the Mamata Banerjee government came to power, the fiscal deficit in the state was at 4.24 percent. The figure has gone down to 2.83 percent in 2019-20. The revenue deficit has also dropped to 0.96 percent from 3.75 percent in 2010-11,” the minister added.
Kolkata: State Finance minister and Khardah MLA Amit Mitra on Tuesday visited the plastic goods factory at Jugberia near Ghola, where a devastating fire broke out on Monday and stated that the state government will take stringent action against the factory authorities for violating the fire safety and security management norms.On Tuesday, he went to check with the firefighting operations there and also interacted with the family members of the labourers who are feared to have been trapped inside the factory and are still missing. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseMitra informed that the government is with the victims and they will be compensated accordingly. Later in the afternoon, the state fire brigade lodged an FIR at New Barrackpore police station against the factory owner. “The state government is always there with the people. The concerned department will take stringent action. An FIR has been lodged by the Fire department. No one will be spared,” said Mitra. According to sources, family members of the missing labourers are still waiting Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamataoutside of the factory since Monday afternoon. It has been alleged that the factory authorities did not cooperate with either them or the firefighters. Also, due to multiple LPG cylinder blasts, several cracks have developed on the building’s structure. Thus it is being feared that the factory might collapse at any moment. Despite the critical situation, a team comprising members of Disaster Management Group (DMG), fire brigade, police and civil administration went inside the factory but no bodies could be found as burnt debris was scattered everywhere. Till Tuesday night, no bodies could be traced. According to fire officials, chances of survival for the trapped labourers are negligible. White smoke is still coming out of the factory but signs of fire could not be traced. On Tuesday evening, forensic experts visited the factory and collected necessary samples. Locals alleged that four years ago, a fire had broken out at the same factory. But the authorities had not bothered to install firefighting and safety management systems even after that. The locals were assured by the administration that the guilty party will be brought to justice.
Kolkata: With West Bengal’s ruling Trinamool Congress and emerging opposition BJP intensifying their fight ahead of the Lok Sabha elections, capturing and recapturing each other’s party offices have become a regular occurrence. Supporters of the BJP’s Coochbehar candidate Nisith Pramanik, who recently switched to the saffron party from the Trinamool, have allegedly recaptured a “Trinamool-acquired party office” at Bamanhat market in Coochbehar district. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata Bose “My association with Trinamool was a sin. The BJP is like the holy Ganges. Our supporters clean the party office with water from the holy river,” he said after taking over the office. BJP supporters alleged that the party office was “built by the party but Trinamool Congress acquired it ahead of last year’s panchayat elections”. Taking a jibe at Pramanik, Trinamool district President Rabindranath Ghosh accused him of being a turncoat. Activists of another former Trinamool leader, Arjun Singh, who has been nominated by the BJP from Barrackpore Lok Sabha constituency, have also painted a Trinamool office on Ghosh Para Road in saffron colour in North 24 Parganas. Singh says the office was built by him. Later, Trinamool Congress “recaptured” the office.
Bhadreshwar/ Amdanga/Salkia: Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee alleged that Narendra Modi has flouted the Indian Constitution with his statements that 40 Trinamool MLAs are in touch with him and at the same breath said no MLA will join his party. She further added that on grounds of horse trading, his candidature should be cancelled.”Yesterday he (Modi) said 40 of my MLAs are in touch with him. This will fall under the anti-defection law. He is saying unconstitutional things while holding a constitutional position. Doesn’t he have any shame? He is violating the Constitution and has no right to be the Prime Minister,” Banerjee said at an election rally in Bhadreshwar on Tuesday. Later, she addressed two meetings at Amdanga and Salkia. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”His candidature should be cancelled. First save Delhi, then try to buy off MLAs from Bengal. It will be of no use. Even if he buys all the MLAs, our government will not fall,” the Trinamool Congress supremo said. Narendra Modi had said during an election rally at Serampore on Monday that 40 Trinamool MLAs are keeping in touch with him. The Trinamool Congress has reported the matter to the Election Commission. Banerjee alleged that “Modi is coming to Bengal to divide the communities. He is instigating one community against the other. During the election speeches, he is not mentioning anything about the ill-effects of note ban or GST. He is also silent why in the past five years jobs could not be given to 2 crore youths per year. His only business is to divide the communities to get votes.” Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateShe reiterated that the BJP will not get a single seat in Bengal. “Last time they had two seats and they will be defeated in both of them. BJP is relying on traitors and after the election result is out, they will realize what mistake they have made by depending on the traitors.” She alleged that Congress and CPI(M) are backing the BJP in several seats like Malda North, Berhampur to defeat the Trinamool nominees. “It is unfortunate that both Congress and CPI(M) have sold their signboards to the BJP.” In Bhadreshwar, she recalled the ‘Reign of Terror’ that had been unleashed by the CPI(M). “How can I forget those days? I had come to Bhadreshwar following the death of Bikhari Paswan, a worker of Kanoria Jute Mill. I have seen how CPI(M) had unleashed a ‘Reign of Terror’ in different areas in Hooghly and Howrah. The anti-social elements of CPI(M) have now joined the BJP,” she maintained. At the Amdanga rally, without naming Arjun Singh, the BJP candidate from Barrackpore Lok Sabha seat, Banerjee said: “Do not to cast a single vote to the gaddar (traitor). Vote for the Trinamool candidates as they are secular and the party will play a major role in the formation of the new government in Delhi.” In Amdanga, TMC’s Dinesh Trivedi took a lead of 83,233 votes from here in 2014 Lok Sabha elections. Banerjee urged the people to ensure that the lead of Trivedi goes up from the segment. She cautioned the people against BJP and RSS workers who would try to buy their votes. “Don’t take money from them and inform the police if they try to buy your votes,” she said. The election in Barrackpore Lok Sabha seat will be held on May 6.
The ongoing 21-day long theatre festival by National School of Drama has united the residents and tourists along with curious passers-by. Each day, a jam-packed audience is watching plays at different auditoriums – including Kamani, LTG, Shri Ram Centre, spread across the Capital city. Four plays are scheduled to be staged on February 12. Take a look…Taj Mahal ka Tender Shri Ram Centre 4.00 pm Playwright: Ajay Shukla Direction: Chittaranjan Tripathi Also Read – Add new books to your shelfGroup: NSD Repertory Company, Delhi Language: Hindi Duration: 2 hrs and 20 mins. BRUNDABANARA SHESA DHUPA LTG 5.30 pm Playwright and Director: Nalini Nihar Nayak Group: New Quest Repertory, Rourkela Language: Odia Duration: 1 hr 40 mins THREE SISTERS Kamani 7.00 pm Playwright: Anton Chekhov Director: Rose Schwietz Group: One World Theatre, Nepal Language: English Duration: 2 hrs 15 mins VACANT LOT Abhimanch 8.30 pm Playwright: Ota Shogo Director: Apoorva Group: NSD Diploma Production, New Delhi Language: Hindi Duration: 1 hr
Having just a plate of fries or a bottle of soda while following a ‘keto diet’ may damage your blood vessels, say scientists who warn against going for a ‘cheat day’ while following the popular weight loss regime. The ketogenic or keto diet has become very common for weight loss or to manage diseases like type 2 diabetes. “It consists of eating foods rich in fats, moderate in protein, but very low in carbohydrates and it causes the body to go into a state called ketosis,” said Jonathan Little, associate professor at University of British Columbia (UBC) in Canada. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe diet can be very effective because once the body is in ketosis and starved for its preferred fuel glucose, the body’s chemistry changes and it begins to aggressively burn its fat stores, Little said in a statement. This leads to weight loss and can reverse the symptoms of diseases like Type 2 diabetes. The often embraced ‘cheat day’ is a common theme in many diets. However, researchers found just one 75-gramme dose of glucose – the equivalent a large bottle of soda or a plate of fries – while on a high fat, low carbohydrate diet can lead to damaged blood vessels. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”We were interested in finding out what happens to the body’s physiology once a dose of glucose is reintroduced,” said Cody Durrer, doctoral student at UBC. “Since impaired glucose tolerance and spikes in blood sugar levels are known to be associated with an increased risk in cardiovascular disease, it made sense to look at what was happening in the blood vessels after a sugar hit,” said Durrer. For their test, the researchers recruited nine healthy young males and had them consume a 75-gramme glucose drink before and after a seven-day high fat, low carbohydrate diet. The diet consisted of 70 per cent fat, 10 per cent carbohydrates and 20 per cent protein, similar to that of a modern ketogenic diet. “We were originally looking for things like an inflammatory response or reduced tolerance to blood glucose. What we found instead were biomarkers in the blood suggesting that vessel walls were being damaged by the sudden spike in glucose,” said Durrer. The most likely culprit for the damage is the body’s own metabolic response to excess blood sugar, which causes blood vessel cells to shed and possibly die. “Even though these were otherwise healthy young males, when we looked at their blood vessel health after consuming the glucose drink, the results looked like they might have come from someone with poor cardiovascular health,” said Little. The researchers point out that with only nine individuals included in the study, more work is needed to verify their findings, but that the results should give those on a keto diet pause when considering a cheat day. “My concern is that many of the people going on a keto diet – whether it’s to lose weight, to treat Type 2 diabetes, or some other health reason – may be undoing some of the positive impacts on their blood vessels if they suddenly blast them with glucose,” Little said. “Especially if these people are at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease in the first place. Our data suggests a ketogenic diet is not something you do for six days a week and take Saturday off,” he added.
The fourth edition of Exim Bazaar, an exhibition that showcases specially curated ethnic products handmade by craftspeople across rural India, opened in Kolkata recently. Debasish Mallick, Deputy Managing Director, Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) while inaugurating the exhibition said, “Handicrafts and handloom products are a manifestation of the roots, culture and identity of the people and perhaps the richest creative traditions of any country.” Also Read – Add new books to your shelfMallick conveyed that every handicraft item holds stories myths and faiths transferred through generations of craftspeople or through people related to this field. The exhibition-cum-sale will be on until April 14, 2019, between 10:00 am and 8:00 pm at the Ice Skating Rink, Kolkata. Exim Bank, through its Grassroots Initiatives programme has been supporting artisans, master craftsmen, weavers, grassroots and micro enterprises, in their capacity-building programs and in helping them secure access to institutional finance and technology, aimed at promoting operational efficiency, achieving higher value addition and enhanced market reach. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveOne of the innovative activities initiated by Exim Bank in its continuing market outreach effort is the Exim Bazaar. First launched in September 2017, Exim Bazaar is a unique platform for artisans who have been supported by bank in the past through workshops, finance, training programmes, exhibitions and trade fairs. The bank has already conducted three editions of Exim Bazaar in Mumbai and Ahmedabad and the response generated a great deal of interest in the artisanal community. “Encouraged by the response of the earlier editions of Exim bazaar, the bank decided upon extending its reach to Kolkata. It is in this context that we are here today inaugurating the fourth edition of Exim Bazaar in Kolkata coinciding with the onset of the Bengali New Year,” said Mallick. ” Typically, the rural artisans face high physical and transaction costs in accessing distant markets. They are also constrained by lack of information about markets, business skills and collective organisation that can interact with large market intermediaries. This platform is a part of Exim Bank’s endeavour to make a difference to the livelihoods of those participating, by affording a vibrant market in this part of the country,” he added.
Losing just 16 minutes of sleep could be the difference between a clear-headed day at the office or one filled with distractions, say scientists. A study found that reducing your sleep routine during the work-week greatly interferes with job performance. The researchers found workers are more likely to have poor judgement and fall off-task the next day. Researchers surveyed 130 healthy employees who work in IT and have at least one school-aged child. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfParticipants reported that when they slept 16 minutes less than usual and had worse quality sleep, they experienced more cognitive issues the next day. That raised their stress levels, especially regarding issues related to work-life balance, resulting in them going to bed earlier and waking up earlier due to fatigue. “These cyclical associations reflect that employees’ sleep is vulnerable to daily cognitive stress and also a contributor to cognitively stressful experiences,” said Soomi Lee, assistant professor at University of South Florida. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”Findings from this study provide empirical evidence for why workplaces need to make more efforts to promote their employees’ sleep. Good sleepers may be better performers at work due to greater ability to stay focused an on-task with fewer errors and interpersonal conflicts.” Researchers also compared work-days to weekends. They conclude the consequences of less sleep is not as apparent when one has the next day off.
Harmful particulate matter in the atmosphere may lead to birth defects and even fatalities during pregnancy, according to a study conducted in mice. Researchers at Texas A&M University in the US examined the adverse health effects of exposure to fine particulate matter consisting of ammonium sulphate commonly found in many locations around the world. During winter months in India and China, where severe haze events frequently occur, fine particulate matter levels are especially high at several hundred microgrammes per cubic metre, they said. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAccording to the World Health Organization (WHO), nine out of 10 people worldwide breathe air containing high level of pollutants. One out of every nine global deaths can be attributed to exposure to air pollution, totalling over seven million premature deaths a year, researchers said. “People typically believe that ammonium sulphate may not be terribly toxic, but our results show large impacts on female pregnant rats,” said Renyi Zhang, a professor at Texas A&M University. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”It is unclear yet what is causing these profound effects, but we speculate that the size of nanoparticles or even the acidity may be the culprit,” Zhang said. Sulphate is mainly produced from coal burning, which is a major energy source for much of the world in both developed and developing countries. Ammonium is derived from ammonia, which is produced from agricultural, automobile, and animal emissions, “so this certainly represents a major problem worldwide,” Zhang said. “However, our results show that prenatal exposure to air pollution may not dispose offspring to obesity in adulthood,” said Guoyao Wu, Texas A&M University Distinguished Professor and one of the lead authors of the study. “Nutrition and lifestyle are likely major factors contributing to the current obesity epidemic worldwide,” Wu said. Numerous previous studies have shown that air pollution is a serious public health threat throughout the world, with millions of people breathing air that is far less than standards set by the WHO. Previous studies have shown such pollution to impair metabolic and immune systems in animal offspring. However, the study shows definitive proof of decreased foetal survival rates, and also shortened gestation rates that can result in smaller body weight, in addition to damage to brains, hearts and other organs in the adult rat models. The findings present obvious concerns and challenges on a multi-scale level, the researchers said. “While epidemiological studies have been widely adopted to assess the health effects of air pollution, these tend to yield little insight into adverse outcomes and long-term effects,” Zhang said. “Furthermore, there is an absence of clinical recommendations for prevention and treatment of air pollution-related health issues. “Our study has demonstrated that well-controlled exposure experiments using animal models offer major advantages for future air pollution control and are promising in the development of therapeutic intervention and treatment procedures,” he said.