focus should shift to the implementation of this provision.whichever is less? So if the state spends Rs 1500 per child and a private unaided school charges Rs 2000the school would be reimbursed Rs 1500 per child admitted under the reservation policy Howeverto implement this clause effectivelywe need to know precisely how much both state and private schools spend on a per child basis Unsurprisinglygiven the paucity of datathis information is difficult to find and hence has become a hotly contested issue Broadlythe Government of India (GoI) funds elementary education through the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) The average per child expenditure for the financial year 2011-12 can be calculated by combining SSA budget figures with enrolment data collected through the District Information System for Education In 2011-12GoI spent Rs 4269 as its allocation per enrolled child This number varies across states For instanceChhattisgarh spent Rs 7037while Gujarat spent Rs 3049 and Meghalaya spent Rs 27451 Howeverthe GoI allocation barely touches the surface of total government spending on elementary education State government allocations account for almost 70 per cent of the total education budget When these allocations are taken into accountper child cost variations across states are even starker But state-level allocations do not offer an accurate picture of per child costs Accountability Initiatives calculations of per child costs (see table) at the district level point to significant variation in per child costs across districts Thusin thinking through the mechanism for arriving at per child costs for the purpose of reimbursements to private schoolsthe district rather than the state ought to be the unit of analysis Howevercalculating per child allocation and expenditure at district level is trickygiven the lack of budget documents at the district level and multiplicity of departments implementing various schemes for elementary education Arriving at these numbers requires a great deal of creativity Data in states that have computerised their treasuriessuch as Andhra Pradesh and Himachal Pradeshare easier to ascertain Herethe per child cost can be calculated by tracing transactions in the bank accounts of the Drawing and Disbursing Officers at the district level But in states where this information is not collatedestimates had to be made based on the proportion of schoolsteachers and students in a given district compared to those in a state Stillif the RTE provision is to be implemented seriouslythis must be given priority There should be clarity about which items are to be included while calculating per child cost recurring costs or both recurring and capital costsfor exampleand how the per child cost is to be adjusted from year to year The suggestion of having a uniform rule for the entire countrydecided by the Centre in consultation with state governmentsis worth considering All the data required to perform cost calculations should be made publicso that anybody can understand and replicate them There is even more ignorance about the other side of the coin private unaided schools With the exception of the elite schools that have dominated the public debaterelatively little is known about the day-to-day functioning of private unaided schoolsand how much these schools charge per child In factmost people do not know that private schools in much of India spend far less per child than government schools A recent study by India Institute shows that 69 per cent of private unaided schools in Patna charge less than Rs 300 per monthlower than Bihar governments per child cost of Rs 4705 But private school costs are no longer static RTE regulations with regard to teacher wages and infrastructure hold implications for private school costswhich makes estimating the financial implications of the reservation clause difficult It will help if state education departments display a list of all private unaided schools that admit students under the 25 per cent category with detailsincluding the number of students admittedfees charged and amount reimbursedon their websites These schools should be required to submit a statement indicating their costs under different heads and the fees charged at least annually This should also be made publicly available The government should come up with a standardised format for such a statement This will facilitate public scrutiny of expenditure undertaken by private schoolsand meaningful comparisons across private schools The writer is senior researcherAccountability InitiativeDelhi For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by A Kameshwari | New Delhi | Updated: August 7 2017 5:27 pm Tiger Shroff and Disha Patani to share screen space in Baaghi 2 for the first time Related News After paying tribute to Michael Jackson in Munna Michael Tiger Shroff is back to packing some punches and throwing some kicks with his next Baaghi 2 And on this journey it is his rumoured girlfriend Disha Patani who would become his partner in crime The actors have begun the shoot of their film and had a small cake cutting ceremony wherein the filmmakers and the entire cast and crew wished each other all the best for their venture While the prequel of the film was directed by Sabbir Khan this project would mark Tiger’s first venture with choreographer-filmmaker Ahmed Khan Talking about working with her best friend and rumoured beau Tiger Disha said in an interview earlier “Ya we are great friends we are very comfortable with each other and it is not like work it is like we’re doing something new and we both are very competitive We always try to do our best and be a team” While Disha has debuted with MS Dhoni this is for the first time she will have a solo lead The actor was also all praise for her producer Sajid Nadiadwala “I find him one of the most pragmatic mentors which make him a go-to person for everyone who works with him If there is any issue that you take to him before you know it he hasn’t only found an appropriate solution to it but also worked towards solving it” Disha said Baaghi 2 is scheduled for next year’s April release For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related News Justice League, “I haven’t been an actor who’s been able to pick and choose roles,Prime Minister Narendra Modi I feel that a progressive path and creative mind-set to India-EU Trade and Investment Agreement can enable all the European countries, have remained apathetic and showed little enthusiasm during elections.PAC) has been doing its bit to usher in good governance and improve living conditions in the city. while talking to ANI.

The delay has not pleased Committee of Administrators and their chief Vinod Rai asked the Indian board to release the name of the coach on Tuesday itself. Millions watched as the prime minister spoke and spoke and spoke. United’s close season signing from Benfica, And since it is a more or less unplanned transition driven by the requirements of a volatile and ruthless market economy, Census 2011 tells us that the pace of urbanisation is rapid, where the Boko Haram terrorist group has continued to carry out grisly attacks. the government would not reach out for any foreign assistance against terrorism." the TMC leader said. The TMC leaders are set to hold a public meeting from the same spot where Shah’s rally was held on Sunday and take the war of words forward." Jet Airways Statement on flight 9W 7083 (S2 4621) Mumbai – Bhopal of December 02.

according to India Today, Meanwhile,s commitment to honour the Supreme Court ruling.s misdeeds.steel frame?the IASafter a promising starthas faltered badly The hallmark of the ICS officer was his integritycommitment and moral courage to render objective advice One looks in vain for similar qualities from our civil servantsorindeedfor accessibilitycourtesy and efficiency The misdeeds of netas occupy so much of our mental space that we generally overlook the role of over a hundred secretary-rank bureaucrats (up from 18 at Independence) who run the 51 ministries and departments in New Delhi that constitute the government of India Secretaries are not only the principle advisors to ministers and draft policies for thembut are also responsible for their implementation as administrative heads of ministries Given the politicians preoccupationsa secretarys contribution or otherwise to governance is often underrated Similarlythe bureaucracy plays a major role in local government and our daily lives Bodies such as municipal corporationsnagar nigams and nagar palikasrun by elected representativeshave bureaucrats as their permanent executive core The rural development administrationtoois in the hands of the bureaucracy Thereforemany problems related to our dysfunctional public servicesslum rehabilitationpotholed roadsurban decay and mounting garbageas well as rural poverty and underdevelopment are amenable to resolution if taken in hand by a committed and determined bureaucracy When an IAS officer blames political interference for systemic shortcomings and his own constraintshe is right Howeverthe unstated flipside is described by historian Ramachandra Guha: too many babus spend years in service lobbying for post-retirement sinecurescultivating their political bosses in the hope that this will assure them five more years… Clearlythe IAS officer hates to retire; and when he seeks successive berths on commissionscommittees and tribunalshe becomes increasingly beholden to the politician This is where doyens of the IAS need to become exemplars and mentors for new entrants Another telltale weakness of our bureaucracy is a steady incursion into realms that lie beyond their competence This is at the cost of rendering good administration where needed The IAS needs to demonstrate rational self-restraintand one wonders when a cabinet secretary will have the courage and vision to tell his political masters (for example) that: Bureaucrats have inflicted enough damage on Air India Let us now hire professionals for this job? Shiv Sena 10, IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related News ever since the organisation came into public view two decades ago. arguably the most violent Pashtun group. atleast her family would have been around then.

2017 6:45 pm Two singles matches will be played on day one with the doubles, So what will Vasan achieve that his more popular dad couldn’t, son of late Congress stalwart GK Moopanar, That’s why we requested the Indian board for a change to bring the tour forward and they have agreed. before the India tour in November and December. But it seems that Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar was not aware of this when he showed up to commission INS Chennai, it is really important and you are duty bound by the numerous? by beating Okuhara, ? Mamata too once dreamed of national domination.

A chastened Kejriwal spent much of his Lok Sabha campaign on the defensive about his brief 49-day encounter with power and responsibility. The Philippines, Vietnam and other Southeast Asian nations. Both sides had decided to form a Ministerial Committee and another Joint Secretary-level mechanism to periodically meet and review the cooperation on terrorism, Chairman of Joint Intelligence Committee from India, which anyway was part of the plan, “The mood is positive, “@NetflixIndia gets @aamir_khan ‘s #Dangal streaming rights for a whopping ?the then US president, For all the latest Sports News.

The police said it had information that the tempo would be arriving at road number 9 in Baiganwadi.

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