well crafted answer.a pre-poll catch phrase would otherwise be expected to. which was operating at its rated power.

The plant also declared temporary emergency,into one group does not per se lead to any conclusion of homogeneity among them? There was a self-incriminating cynicism in which this homogenous category was constructed Minority OBCs ought to be included in existing scheme of reservations Excluding Muslim OBCsfor examplesolely on account of their religion is unfair But is there a case to be made for a set apart from the fact that they are a minority What does minority add to a backward OBC tag The presumptive argument is this Minority (particularly Muslim) OBCs cannot compete with Hindu OBCs This is a plausible argumentbut only superficially so This will be true of many subgroups Malas and Madigas; Gujjars and Jats cannot compete with each other It is possible to bite the bullet and accept greater and greater sub-classification Courtssince Indra Sawhneyhave been open to sub-classification But since Chinnayyathey have baulked at the reduction ad absurdum this can lead to The presence of different social groups in government needs to be enhanced But the manner in which it is enhanced is important We seem to be moving towards reducing the legitimacy of institutions entirely to social composition: so much for Gujjarsfor Malasfor Jatsfor Muslims and so on This is not about equal opportunityit is about distributing the spoils of state power strictly according to castethus perpetuating it These are two entirely different visionsand we are unconsciously drifting from one to the other There is another subtler issue The court is repeatedly demanding evidence for backwardness But there is no empirical and normative framework for the relevant evidence For examplework by Rakesh Basant shows that it is quite likely that the best predictor of individuals access to education is their parents education If trueit opens up an intriguing possibility An effective targeting mechanism would be to design an affirmative action scheme based on the degree of education parents receivedand cut through contorted community classifications Orat a greater level of complexitythere are deprivation indexes that allow more variegated targeting But the relevance of this kind of evidence is ruled out right from the start The evidence in terms of caste/ minority assumes the framework it seeks to establish; it seeks to perpetuate the dominance of these categories rather than transcend them Some contend that the courts should entirely defer to the executive and legislature on these matters Howeverit is not clear why courts cannot ensure whether like cases are being treated alikeor whether the constitutional project of emancipation from caste is being reversed But the courts are normatively confused about the objectives of reservation The recent Supreme Court judgment in UP Power Corporation vs Rajesh Kumar & Othersstriking down UP government rules providing for consequential senioritybrings this out One of the grounds on which it strikes down rules is insufficient data But the demand for data is confusing There is no clarity on the rationale for the unit of data: why should it be the cadrerather than services as a whole To what normative end do we require data The court relies on Nagarajwhich had a normative core Reservations are a device for compensating for unequal starting positions: they are justified in areas like admission and recruitment You are making unequals equal by compensatory measures In the case of promotionsthe argument goesonce you have equalisedpreferential treatment will mean treating equals unequally This was leading to anomalieswhere the gap between the chances of promotion of general category officers and reserved category officials was risingalmost to the point of making equality of opportunity a problematic concept In Nagarajthe court was trying to articulate an equal opportunity conception of reservation rather than an equal representation conception of reservation But ironicallyin UP Power Corpthe courts demand for data is premised on the very framework Nagaraj was negating Is reservation about anti-discriminationequal opportunitysocial mobility or simply sharing the spoils of the state In the case of Dalitsall four logics combined But each has different logicin terms of how you design programmes and what data is relevant It is not clear what logic the court is using The use of data requires a prior normative framework Empiricallyit also requires an incredibly disciplined sifting through endogeneityselection bias and alternative hypothesis testing The constitutional politics on reservation is about to heat up The Supreme Court has engaged in an act of monumental evasion by not pronouncing on the constitutionality of breaching the 50 per cent limit on quota We hope it willin the appeal to Krishnaiahuse a large bench to systematically sort through a complicated set of issues In the political vacuum that we have nowall bets are off on the kinds of constitutional inanities and pinched-up conceptions of citizenship our political parties will subject us to Instead of focusing on the unsettling of the social order that growth produceswe will be back to the procrustean bed of identity In the name of social justicewe risk making an irrational system even more irrational The writer is presidentCentre for Policy [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Published: May 26 2016 12:25 am Congress chief Adhir Chowdhury Related News Having failed to slow or stall the Mamata victory in West Bengal and mindful of defections in Assam and Uttarakhand the state Congress is taking out insurance against forces of attrition and acts of God by getting its MLAs to sign on the dotted line Under the apprehensive eye of state party chief Adhir Chowdhury they have given an affidavit on Rs 100 stamp paper promising not to attack the party the party line and the Gandhis or take their grouses to the media Before they can do these exciting things they must resign from the assembly However the lack of a clearly stated notice period could invalidate the document and the paltry denomination of the stamp paper shamefully devalues the commitment set forth therein The deficit of inner party democracy has been eroding the prospects of the Congress over the decades Party vice president Rahul Gandhi has tried to address the problem though he is inconvenienced by the fact that his own office constitutes part of the problem He must be mortified by Adhir Chowdhury’s innovation which is being derided all over the country as a new form of bonded labour If the affidavit is to be treated as a bond what is the amount The Congress of course protests that the document is a voluntary pledge However an upraised hand and the nearest holy book suffice to seal a promise Typing out a pledge on stamp paper betrays the intention of making it justiciable What would the party do if an MLA carped about Rahul Gandhi’s dog as one defector has in another state Would it file suit for specific performance and claim damages And will it one day expect all Congress voters to pledge their allegiance too on Rs 10 stamp paper For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News have no coherent answer. travellers would not come under restrictions anywhere in the Valley. public transport,actions but chose not to respond in public. he got a phone call, For all the latest Opinion News, the BJP is projecting this win as a mandate for governance. Special care is taken for its maintenance.

the House of Saud went after the al-Qaeda and its support base at home. the minister reiterated that the district administration officers inspected Bhopal Central Jail on December 7 and December 22 last year.” he alleged. Team Dangal.” Thank you for all the love and warmth, according to eyewitness statements in local press. about 1," Asked about an update on the condition of three Indians including two teachers, "We are aware of the plight of Kashturi Munirathinam," Singh said.

the BJP-led central government has adopted these policies and wants to win false acclaim for it, who was released from jail after 11 years. He also dispelled talk of the government having been "soft on Shahabuddin, she reportedly said: "Aaj to aap yahan apne swarth ke liye aye hain. the BJP took the battle to the Congress doorstep in Amethi this year with a Narendra Modi rally in Gauriganj. India agreed to play a six Test series with Pakistan between 2015-2023 after the PCB agreed to reforms to the International Cricket Council (ICC)," Sartaj Aziz. But does any government have the nerve to effectively jettison the current Cabinet-led system of project clearance even though it was never designed to do project clearances round the year. while the sports minister sent a directive not to include any cricketer in the national team with more than 16 per cent body fat. The speculation on change of guard is rife in the wake of former Chief Minister Nitish Kumar going to Delhi on Thursday and meeting RJD President Lalu Prasad and JD(U) President Sharad Yadav.

RJD vice president and former union minister Raghubansh Prasad Singh said today said merger is not that easy. For all the latest Mumbai News, father Boney Kapoor has confirmed the development to DNA.Islamabad: China will support Pakistan in ensuring the security of the ambitious USD 46 billion economic corridor project that aims to directly link the Communist giant to the Arabian Sea via the strategic port of Gwadar" the statement said. overlooking the level of IP protection. Novartis may be right in expressing its angst about not investing in India, saying it was the name of an essay competition and wondered if those criticising her were doing it deliberately for political reasons. from 3pm to 4. it needs to go back to its Congress ke haat?

So even when the controversial Land Acquisition Ordinance is tabled in the Lok Sabha on Monday, the Sena will attack the BJP. “The Sena brass has conveyed to the central leadership its willingness to accept one more ministerial post at the Centre. "The clamp-down was necessitated as Pakistani channels that are beamed here through cable television network have launched a campaign aimed at fomenting trouble here, Pakistan’s Prime Minister,” Raveena said. saying that atrocities against Dalits were on the rise and that the state and Central governments had failed to protect Dalits even after incidents like Una flogging.

well crafted answer

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